Shaktoolik is a Malemiut Eskimo village with a fishing and subsistence lifestyle. The village was originally located six miles up the Shaktoolik River and moved to the mouth of the river in 1933. This site was prone to severe storms and winds, however, and the village relocated to its present, more sheltered location in 1967. Villagers in Shaktoolik fish and follow a subsistence lifestyle, which is significantly dependent on climate conditions. Shaktoolik typically has a subarctic maritime climate but this is changing quickly with climate change.

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